Paperback, 221 pages, 6x9, English
by William Smalley, Chia Koua Vang and Gnia Yee Yang
In February of 1971, in the Laotian village of Nam Chia, a forty-one year old farmer named Shong Lue Yang was assassinated by government soldiers. Shong Lue claimed to have been descended of God and given the mission of delivering the first true Hmong alphabet. Many believed him to be the Hmong people's long-awaited messiah, and his thousands of followers knew him as "Mother (Source) of Writing."
An anthropological linguist who has worked among the Hmong, William A. Smalley joins Shong Lue's chief disciple, Chia Koua Vang, and one of his associates, to tell the fascinating story of how the previously unschooled farmer developed his remarkable writing system through four stages of increasing sophistication. The uniqueness of Shong Lue's achievement is highlighted by a comparison of Shong Lue's writing system to other known Hmong systems and to the history of writing as a whole.
In addition to a nontechnical linguistic analysis of the script and a survey of its current use, Mother of Writing provides an intriguing cultural account of Shong Lue's life. The book traces the twenty-year-long struggle to disseminate the script after Shong Lue's death, first by handwriting, then by primitive moveable type, an abortive attempt to design a wooden typewriter, and finally by modern wordprocessing. In a moving concluding chapter, Smalley discusses his own complex feelings about his coauthors' story.
"Mother of Writing is an impressive accomplishment. Balancing the intellectual and spiritual, West and East, Smalley presents the facts of the case with dignity and wisdom. This original book will interest general readers as well as students of intellectual history, history of writing, anthropology, linguistics, history of religion, the culture of Southeast Asia, and language planning." --Martha Ratliff, Wayne State University
William A. Smalley, professor of linguistics, emeritus, at Bethel College, was a missionary linguist in Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand between 1950 and 1977.